Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats

The most important factor which united the German people in their
struggle against the Allied forces during that period when, to the average
German., the possibility of victory had finally disappeared, was the fear of
the destruction of Germany as a nation. This fear connected with Russia,
where the poverty and misery of the life had been seen by millions of
German soldiers with their own eyes (an experience which Hitler claimed
to be the best antidote for the Communist system), [was a fear shared,
not only by all those peoples who live East of Germany, but also by every
State where the Red Army might penetrate; not only by Germany's
satellites, but by the neutrals—Turkey and Sweden and even some of
the members of the camp of the United Nations.
It must be taken into consideration that the tactics ofe fortifying ' the
occupied territories by forcing the Soviet system on the country, and the
Russians5 methods of exterminating the population., were without parallel
in the memory of mankind. The application of these methods in that
part of the Middle Zone which the Soviets had occupied in 1939-1940,
so well known to Europe and so little known to Britain and America,
served only to deepen this fear. The peoples, threatened by the possible
arrival of the Red Army, visualised their future following the same course
as that of the Poles, Estonians or Latvians—a future of decimation, with
the remnants of the population dispersed throughout the Soviet Union,
predestined to the cruellest poverty and famine, their children kidnapped,
and those who did not die from starvation brought up as Russians.*
Hitler, in his speeches and German propaganda generally, had constantly
returned to this topic; but, apart from anything else, the peoples of
Central Europe, knowing Russia, dreaded her. They realised one
essential fact which the happier nations, living far beyond the direct reach
of Soviet Imperialism, could not grasp, namely, that the sting of Com-
munist Russia is mortal. Any nation or part of a nation which comes
within reach of the Soviet grip is lost. In former Tsarist times, the
capability of the machinery of the State to undertake mass extermination
was relatively limited; transport facilities were poor and the human being
had a higher rateable value. In the U.S.S.R., where millions and millions
of bodies are available to replace loss of man-power, the contempt for the
individual, the employment of demonical new methods and modern
devices, have permitted the masters of the Kremlin to create a vacuum
in any area within their vast Empire; to cut unwanted nations to the
ground and dig out their very roots. By an unbridled campaign of terror^
deportation, man-made famine, wholesale executions, they were able to
destroy any national group within a few years. The example of the
* The all-pervading fear of the arrival of the Red Army and the N.K.VJD.,
resulted in the withdrawal from the Ukraine (together with the retreating Germans)
of the Ukrainian intellectuals and people of all classes from Bessarabia and Eastern
Poland in spite of the advice of the Polish Government. The dread of deportation
uprooted even that most stubborn element;, the peasants, from the soil of their